Cricket is an exceptionally popular sport which involves a set of highly sophisticated bat and ball techniques, including hitting the ball over a cushion or toward a steed, to claim points in a competition. Cricket can be played as a single-game tournament or as a series of games, generally with the goal of winning. The matches are usually played at a designated ground, such as a cricket field, or ground that is specially prepared for the purpose. Depending on the level of involvement, cricket can either be played daily or multiple times during the week. There are various types of cricket games, and some of the most popular include Twenty20, five-day cricket, and county cricket.
In Twenty20 cricket, the matches are played for three days, instead of the usual two. Generally, four batsmen are used in a match; the wicket keeper stands at the side, while the batsmen advance toward the center, from where they can catch the ball hit by the batsmen in their opponents’ field. The score is calculated on a point basis, with the winning team scoring more points than the losing team, with the losing team scoring fewer points. The cricket rules state that when a batsman hits a ball on the edge of the batsaborough, it will be scored “one” stroke. If a ball falls into the lap or goes over the foul line, it is “doubles” and the batsman has to play another over.
During a five-day match, all matches are played at the same ground and with the same number of overs; the score is made by counting the number of runs scored by both teams. The cricket rules state that after a five-day match, if a team scores more runs than the other, it gets a point. On the other hand, if the other team scores less runs than the team playing at the destination ground, it receives one point for the loss of runs.
Cricket is played between eleven players, including two umpires. Two batsmen are designated as wickets and one as an extra wicket keeper. The eleven players are seated in a diamond shape around the diamond stumps, the wickets are numbered and the two umpires inspect the stumps before calling the match. The match is started when the ball is thrown to the wicket keeper, who then catches it and swings his arm to hit the ball into the stumps of the opposing team’s wicket.
The stumps of the wickets are square, while the top of the bat is straight. In the earlier days, the batsmen used to swing their bat along the length of the stumps in order to hit the ball, but this was called “shooting the stumps” and was deemed dangerous. A batsman must be entirely centered in order to hit a cricket ball into a stump. In the later days of cricket, when the ball was hit higher than the stumps, it was considered “sticking the stumps,” and this resulted in a warning being given to the batsman, which is still in use today.
When a batsman reaches the half-way house, the umpire calls the score as being on or off. This is followed by another session of playing at a neutral ground without the batsmen exchanging any balls. The teams play each other once more, at which point the winning team is declared. The game is completed when one team scores more runs in a overs game than the other team, or when there is a draw. In case of a three-way game, where two teams have scored at least twice as many runs as the other, the match is to be played again at a neutral location.
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